University of Montana School of Law, Class of 1918
25 December 1878, in Wisconsin
Ralph Meigher and Mary Tallent
Henry Theron Bailey
Audrey and Henry
LL.B., University of Montana School of Law, 1915-1918
Juvenile Probation Officer
8 July 1974, in Missoula, Montana
8 May 1929 — Independent Record
“Women Attorneys Fight Case Out in Deer Lodge Court”
“What is said by attorneys to be the first occasion in the history of Montana courts when two women lawyers were found on opposing sides of the same case, happened in the district court when the case of Lowery against Jakways, came up for hearing before Judge Winston. Miss Virginia McGuire appeared as associate counsel with W. E. Keeley, representing the plaintiff, and Mrs. Jane Bailey of Missoula is one of the attorneys for the defendant. The suit was brought in an effort to have the court hold that a certain mortgage on real estate is a deed.”
21 June 1930 — Independent Record — “Commission Upon Crime in Session — Juvenile Laws Held Defective
Mrs. Jane Bailey, probation officer of the fourth judicial district, reviewed defects of the juvenile law, declaring that an entirely new statute is needed. Establishment of a detention home and combining of the office of probation officers and bureau of child welfare, were among other things that Mrs. Bailey advocated.”
25 January 1959 — The Missoulian — “Jane Bailey Night Marks Long, Colorful Career,” by John A. Forssen
“Monday night will be Jane Bailey Night for the Missoula Young Women’s Christian Association.
Mrs. Bailey, a charter member of the Board of Directors of the U, and juvenile probation officer for 32 years, will be honored for her long service to youth, even though it hasn’t ended and apparently is far from over.
Slight and chipper, Mrs. Bailey is still working on the Finance Committee of the Y, one of her special talents. She has worked hard for the Community Chest, source of income for the YWCA, and it is probable that she has gotten more money for the Chest than any other Y official.
When the Y was chartered April 5, 1911, Mrs. Bailey was one of the active workers and she has served in various offices or just plain worked all through the 48 years since.
She remained a member of the Board of Directors until she took over the juvenile probation job for the Fourth Judicial District in 1919, but she continued her interest and also made use of Y facilities.
The Y at that time owned and operated a building across East Broadway from the post office, and Mrs. Bailey used the transient rooms as temporary quarters for girls who had run away from home or who had trouble at home.
Mrs. Bailey also took girls into her own home and kept them until a foster home could also be found. Some of these had used lead pipes on jail matrons, but none of them ever attacked her, Mrs. Bailey said.
It may have been because of her philosophy about youngsters:
‘If you stay with it long enough, you can always help a bad child.’
She says she remembers no violence during her long career as juvenile probation officer, but does recall being thoroughly scared by a belligerent mother. She said she and a deputy sheriff had gone to a farm home near Missoula to check on a youth suspected of taking bicycles. They found a bicycle in the yard and then came face to face with the boy’s mother.
‘She was only about my height, but she had arm muscles like hams, and she was really aroused,’ Mrs. Bailey said. ‘We didn’t have any warrant, so we got out of there.’
Mrs. Bailey got along well with almost everyone, including juveniles, their parents and law officers. She praised the cooperation she received on all sides during her long service, and said District Judge William F. Shallenberger was one of the best county attorneys she ever worked with. She did not name the sole country attorney she had trouble with, many years ago.
Her main complaint is the picture painted of her by parents as a threat to keep their children in line.
‘If you don’t be good I’ll call Jane Bailey,’ was a phrase that Mrs. Bailey came to dislike intensely.
‘It made my work much harder in many cases,’ she said. ‘Many of the youngsters brought to me would be frightened or prejudiced, and I had to spend a lot of time getting their confidence.’
She told of one youngster brought to her who clung to her mother’s skirts, staring at her. The child finally said in wonder to the mother: ‘I thought she’d weigh 300 pounds.’
Some parents also expected her to be other than a slight, mild-appearing person. She made an appointment to call on a Bitter Root Valley family which had a problem daughter, and went to the local hotel where they were staying. The mother opened the door to her knock and Mrs. Bailey introduced herself.
‘You can’t be Jane Bailey!’ the woman said and slammed the door. Mrs. Bailey checked to be sure she had the right room and tried again, this time convincing the woman that even though she didn’t stand eight feet tall and breathe fire she was indeed Jane Bailey.
Although Mrs. Bailey sticks to her belief that patience and the proper approach will help any problem child, she did run across some hard customers among juveniles. She recalled a 12-year-old boy who had smashed a neighbor’s infant child in the face with a rock and, despite the copious bleeding, appeared not to be sorry in the least. The same boy was suspected of robbing younger children of money earned for selling church papers. Words weren’t the proper treatment for this boy; he needed, and received, punishment.
Mrs. Bailey takes pride in the number of Missoula citizens living good lives today whom she helped when they were in trouble as youths, and for this reason she is opposed to the publication of names of juvenile offenders.
She succeeded in her work with the YWCA and as juvenile probation officer by working hard, appreciation of the persons with whom she worked, and the ability to throw off the cares of the day and forget the troubles of others when she was not on the job.
Mrs. Bailey is an attorney — she received her law degree from Montana State University in 1918. She was born in Winneconne, Wis., and attended a state normal college there. She obtained a teacher certificate and taught at Rice Lake, Wisc., before moving to Montana in 1902 and to Missoula in 1909.
She was married before she came to Montana, and her children were in school when she entered the State University in 1914. Her daughter died at 19, just before completing work on a law degree. Her son, Henry, also is a lawyer and she and he practiced law together for a time.
She was also in a law office with E. E. Hershey and they created the probation office in the Fourth Judicial District. When Mrs. Bailey took the job, it paid $65 a month.”
10 July 1974 — The Missoulian — “Jane Bailey, Longtime Probation Officer, Dies”
“Jane Bailey, chief juvenile probation officer in Missoula from 1919 to 1950 and a longtime community leader, died Monday at Hillside Manor, where she had been a patient for several years. She was 95.
During her 32 years as juvenile probation officer for the five -county Fourth Judicial District, Mrs. Bailey dealt with thousands of western Montana youngsters and their parents. She once complained that parents used her name to frighten their youngsters into proper behavior.
‘I should have my name copyrighted,’ she told The Missoulian when she retired as probation officer in December 1950. ‘Many persons tell their children: “if you don’t behave yourself, I’ll call Jane Bailey.”‘
During Mrs. Bailey’s third year as a probation officer — during Prohibition in 1922 — she was the subject of a Missoulian news article because she held a gun on suspected bootleggers on Evaro Hill while the Missoula sheriff searched their car for liquor.
‘She is the bravest little thing I have ever seen, you can say that for me,’ the sheriff was quoted as saying. ‘I looked to see if that big gun waivered a little. It was held just as firmly as I, or any other man used to a gun, might have held it. Her face showed determination, too, and I got a lot of confidence after one look at her. I knew that I was just as well protected from violence . . . as though I had one of my deputies with me, or an army for that matter.’
Mrs. Bailey had been in Evaro to investigate a juvenile case.
Although Mrs. Bailey could be firm with children, she stuck to her belief that patience and the proper approach will help any problem child.
She was a charter member of the Board of Directors of the Missoula Young Women’s Christian Association and was honored by the YWCA in 1959 for her long service to youth in western Montana.
She was one of the active workers in the YWCA when it was chartered April 5, 1911, and served in various offices or as a volunteer worker for more than half a century.
Born Dec. 25, 1878 in Winneconne, Wis., Mrs. Bailey attended a state normal college there, obtained a teacher certificate and taught at Rice Lake, Wis., before moving to Montana in 1902 and Missoula in 1909.
She and her husband, Henry T. Bailey, were married before they came to Montana. He was a newspaperman for the Helena Independent Record and The Missoulian. He died in 1953.
Mrs. Bailey was admitted to the University of Montana law school in 1914 and graduated in 1918. She was, for a time, in law practice with E. E. Hershey in Missoula and also practiced law with her son, Henry Jr. Her daughter died at age 19, when she was completing work on a law degree.
Survivors include her son, Henry, now of Santa Barbara, Calif.; two granddaughters, Diana Knutsen of Gainesville, Fla., and Maureen Jane Waisner, Santa Barbara, Calif., and four great grandchildren.
Funeral services are scheduled for 1:30 p.m. Thursday in Squire-Simmons-Carr Rose Chapel with Rev. Richard A. Jones officiating. Burial will be in the family plot at Missoula Cemetery.”