27 February 1869 — Planters’ Banner
“Female Lawyers. — The Louisville Courier-Journal says:
The last phase of the woman’s rights horror is the admission of a young lady to the St. Louis Law School. Nothing would be more likely to melt a jury than the appeals of youth and beauty in behalf of the offenders against the law. Where is the judge whose opinion could not be warped and he himself twisted around the dainty little finger of a fledgling legal duck of eighteen summers?
In a breach of promise case your female lawyer would be overwhelming, her capacity to point the villainy of a faithless swain being derived from a practical experience perhaps. The young lady who has just been admitted to the St. Louis school has, however, no intention of becoming an attorney, a solicitor, or a barrister at law, but a professor! She will expound Blackstone and explain Coke upon Littleton to the future chief justices and attorney generals of the country.”
18 March 1917 — New York Tribune
“Are Women People? by Alice Duer Miller”
Recent arguments on the opening of the Columbia law school to women turn not on the advantages to women’s education, or the disadvantage to her modesty, but entirely on whether or not timid young men might be frightened away by the terrifying phenomenon of girls in the classroom.
A representative of the faculty is quoted as saying, ‘If the admission of women would tend to prevent, rightly or wrongly (the italics are ours), the enrollment of new men graduated from non-coeducational colleges who would be our best students, then it is for the best that the few women who might attend the law school if given an opportunity should not be allowed to do so. There is a trust imposed on Columbia authorities to keep the law school up to the highest possible standpoint.’
Or to amplify this statement a little:
The admission of women might tend to keep away certain men. This would not be the fault of the women, but due to timidity or prejudice on the part of the men.
Still the faculty sympathizes with those young men. It could not bear to see them shut out from educational opportunities even by their own prejudices.
Whereas, rightly or wrongly the faculty bears up pretty well under excluding young women from educational opportunities. It bears up particularly well owing to its conviction that by excluding women of unusual intellectual attainments, and catering to the more bigoted types of young men, it is keeping the law school up to the highest possible standards.
For a more candid statement of their position, we recommend the faculty to study the statement of the Harvard medical students who in 1850 petitioned against the admission of women on the ground that ‘whatever a woman should prove herself capable of an intellectual achievement, this latter would cease to constitute an honor for the men who had previously prized it.’
“Sometimes it is hard to tell whether men want to be looked on as strong, dominant protectors of women, or as timid, bashful creatures who must be shielded from any contact with the weaker sex.
There, little man, don’t cry!
They’re terrible girls, it’s true,
And in church and school
And on office stool
They’re doing as well as you;
But this law school never will let them try,
There, little man, don’t cry!”
19 July 1919 — Evening News (Harrisburg, PA)
“Women Must Stand Mental Punishment to Be Success In Any Profession, Says Los Angeles Girl Lawyer”
That is, mental punishment — everybody knows she can stand the physical kind.
If she can’t take mental punishment, she will not be a success in the legal profession.
But if she can, she will, and will transform the profession to boot.
That is the declaration of Caroline Kellogg, Los Angeles attorney and president of the Women Attorneys’ Club, which has fifty members. Its purpose is to prove that women in law can be bigger than man in law, or even mother-in-law.
‘There’s a great deal of mental punishment in the legal profession,’ says Miss Kellogg. Law work is hard work. Any woman entering it as a snap had better look somewhere else.
‘I have trained many young women for the law, and have found that the girl who cannot stand up well under the law course, which is difficult, is rarely able to do anything in practice afterward.
But those who do well in the course, do well in practice.
‘The common failing of women as attorneys, at the outset, is that they take too great a personal interest in their clients. They become emotionally worked up over the case, forgetting that as attorneys their sphere lies merely in making it easier for judge and jury to determine the facts and execute justice.
‘This emotional quality makes men, both on the bench and in the jury box, inclined to laugh at women lawyers. A little experience usually is the best and only remedy for this short-coming. And then — look out.’
Miss Kellogg believes that the invasion of the legal profession by women will result in the breaking down of the old time system known as ‘professional ethics,’ which she says has brought about many abuses in the past.
‘Doctors and lawyers have been so “ethical,”‘ she says, ‘that they have kept away from the public much information which the public ought to have.
‘It is part of the duty of the woman lawyer to spread her special knowledge of the problems learned from her clients, broadcast through the community. Men attorneys are after the money, women are after principle and a better world. So men attorneys often try to create trouble; women lawyers seek to prevent it.
‘Personally, I aim to settle as many cases as possible out of court. It results, doubtless, in smaller fees; but it saves much pain and disgrace, and often results in greater justice.
‘Women in law will ultimately have a great effect upon the law itself. Every day I encounter some angle of the law that could only have been created by the minds of men, working on masculine standards. It is high time that women interpolated her conception of justice into the laws of the United States.
‘I do not mean to say that the law should ever be entirely in the hands of women. Men cling to the practical, mundane; women to the emotional and the ideal. Working together on equal terms, they strike the happy medium and accomplish the best results.'”
“Can a woman take punishment?